Hyperpigmentation treatment is the treatment of dark patches on the face. Let us begin with understanding why our skin has a particular colour. Well, our skin contains melanocyte cells that produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that produces colour. Too much melanin results in hyperpigmented skin. Freckles and age spots are common examples of hyperpigmented skin. Hyperpigmentation is NOT a serious medical condition. However, people seek treatment purely for cosmetic reasons.
Let’s begin with understanding the types of hyperpigmentation.
We have covered in a separate article that pigmentation can be due to both external and internal causes. External causes include prolonged sun exposure, pollution, cosmetic allergy and injury. Internal causes include diabetes, hypothyroidism and drug intake.
- Hormonal fluctuations, or a result of thyroid dysfunction or consumption of birth control pills leads to Melasma.
- Exposure to UV rays / sun exposure causes a type of hyperpigmentation known as Age Spots or Lentigines.
- A skin injury such as burns, acne, psoriasis or cosmetic allergy can cause Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation. This usually goes away as the skin regrows and heals.
- Inflammation and skin eruption caused by drug intake, leads to a type of hyperpigmentation known as Drug-induced Hyperpigmentation.
Pigmentation Treatment in Bangalore at Dr. Saurav’s Skin Clinic:
As a first step, we try to understand the type of hyperpigmentation. We actively advocate making some lifestyle changes including a healthy diet, regular exercising and using high SPF sunscreens on a daily basis.
Our line of treatment typically includes, application of topical ointments:
Depigmenting creams containing either of these two super ingredients: Hydroquinone and Kojic acid. Hydroquinone is the most commonly used ingredient. It is also the only skin lightening treatment approved by FDA. Kojic acid is an acid derived from a fungus and works in a similar fashion as hydroquinone. Glutathione is the latest entrant into the market in reducing pigmentation. Glutathione is available in the form of both creams as well as tablets.
For better response, we advise additional nonablative procedures, such as:
- Standalone or combinations of chemical peels with glycolic / lactic / mandelic acid / jessner peel
- Micro-needling Radiofrequency Skin Rejuvenation
- LASER Skin Resurfacing
Ablative treatments such as microdermabrasion must be done ONLY by a dermatologist. We have already stated skin injury as a reason for hyperpigmentation. Abrading the skin can irritate the skin worsening the discoloration.
Note: Use of sunscreens is an absolute MUST. If possible, reduce your sun exposure to the best you can.
For more information or to book an appointment, please do contact us.