Warts are a type of skin infection caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). This virus enters the body from an area where the skin is broken and infects the epidermis. The virus then makes accelerates the growth of the skin resulting in wart formation. They look like raised bumps on the skin. While warts are mostly non-threatening, people get warts treatment done because it may look cosmetically disfiguring. Also, warts are contagious.
Types of Warts:
There are 5 different types of warts and they are all seen on different parts of the body.
- Common Warts – can grow anywhere on the body but are usually seen on fingers and toes. They are rounded on top. They may appear individually or in groups.
- Plantar Warts – can grow anywhere on the foot but are usually seen on the soles. They are normally at the skin level or just beneath it. That is because pressure from standing and walking levels it or pushes in under the skin.
- Flat Warts – usually seen on the face, legs or arms. They normally appear in groups. As the name suggests, they are flat.
- Filiform Warts – usually seen around the mouth, nose or the beard area.
- Periungual Warts – under and around the nails, both fingers and toes.
You must definitely see a dermatologist if you observe any of the following:
- Growth on the genitals, mouth, or any other sensitive area
- Warts start to pain or bleed
- If they change colour
Treatment of warts:
Warts treatment can be done by excision using Radio-frequency (RF) or by LASER.
There are certain oral medicines which have to be given for a few months after excision, to prevent recurrences.